Following the success of the 2010 NPT Review Conference, which achieved for the first time the adoption by consensus of a concrete, balanced action plan on the three pillars of the Treaty (disarmament, nuclear non-proliferation and peaceful uses of nuclear energy), as well as on the issue of the Middle East, the new Review Cycle began in Vienna, with the first session of the Preparatory Committee on 30 April-11 May 2012, chaired by Ambassador Peter Woolcott of Australia.
France welcomes the constructive atmosphere in which the debates took place, which notably enabled quick adoption of the rules of procedure by consensus. The Preparatory Committee confirmed the central role of the NPT as now one of the foundations of our collective security system and an irreplaceable aspect of maintaining international peace and security. The PrepCom reaffirmed the importance of implementing both individually and collectively the concrete, balanced action plan adopted by consensus in 2010, which is a genuine roadmap for the whole cycle.
The Preparatory Committee saw substantial, balanced exchanges on the three pillars of the Treaty (disarmament, nuclear non-proliferation, promotion of civil uses of nuclear energy), including on essential themes that were insufficiently reflected in the 2010 final document, such as compliance with international non-proliferation obligations and withdrawal from the Treaty.
Concerning the Middle East, it confirmed the essential nature of implementing the 1995 resolution and supported the process to prepare the Conference on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction, presented in detail by its facilitator, Mr Laajava.