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NPT 2015 Review Conference

France’s Objectives for the 2015 NPT RevCon

France views the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) as the cornerstone of the international non-proliferation regime. It is in the interest of all that the next Review Conference should reaffirm this principle, preserve the integrity of the Treaty, and strengthen it by progressing in the implementation of the three mutually reinforcing pillars of the Treaty : non-proliferation, disarmament, and peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

France is fully committed to the success of the 2015 Review Conference. France is aware of the shared responsibilities of States Parties and will focus its efforts on the issues of common interest where consensus is attainable. It encourages all delegations to work on this basis.

France remains committed to full implementation of the ambitious long-term action plan adopted by consensus in 2010, which is based on a progressive approach that balances the three pillars.

1/ Nuclear disarmament
France’s continuing objective is to focus on concrete and realistic actions that enable progress towards the conditions needed to build a world without nuclear weapons in accordance with article 6 of the NPT. To this end, France would like RevCon to reaffirm the need to progress via a step-by-step approach, including the following steps in particular :

-  entry into force of the CTBT and moratorium on tests for nuclear-weapon States that have not ratified it ;
-  launch of negotiations on a treaty banning the production of fissile material for nuclear weapons as soon as possible and in the meantime, affirmation or reaffirmation of moratoriums. The useful and concrete discussions held by the Group of Governmental Experts created by resolution 67/53 of the General Assembly of the United Nations have shown that the time is ripe for negotiating a treaty ;
-  continue to encourage the dialogue amongst nuclear weapon States on disarmament, with a view to encouraging further reductions in the largest arsenals ;
-  role of nuclear weapons in defence policies, encouraging the limitation of arsenals to the strict minimum and promoting doctrines restricting deterrence to defence of vital interests in extreme circumstances of self-defence ;
-  continuation of the P5 process, in particular on the monitoring of the implementation of the NPT ;
-  continued progress on the regional approach to disarmament, especially regarding the nuclear-weapon-free zone in Southeast Asia, building upon the progress made on establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in Central Asia.

2/ Non-proliferation
France, which is a resolute participant in the fight against proliferation, would like the Review Conference to reaffirm that respecting non-proliferation obligations benefits all by strengthening international security and enables us to :

-  respond firmly to proliferation crises
-  make progress regarding how the community of States Parties should respond in the event of abuse of the withdrawal provision of the Treaty ;
-  strengthen the IAEA’s verification capacities, especially in non-nuclear-weapon States that have not yet accepted the universalization of the Comprehensive Safeguards Agreements and the Additional Protocol, which should become the standard for verification ;
-  deter violations of IAEA guarantees more effectively ;
-  encourage and support the development of national competences in the field of export controls, which help combat proliferation, build confidence and guarantee an environment that fosters the development of peaceful uses of nuclear energy ;
-  make progress in jointly identifying new challenges relating to proliferation.

3/ Peaceful uses of nuclear energy
France is deeply committed to the responsible development of peaceful uses of nuclear energy, which can make a major global contribution to meeting basic human needs and sustainable development.

The Conference should reiterate the right of all States that meet their international obligations and pursue civil nuclear activities in good faith to benefit from peaceful applications of atomic energy in optimal safety, security and non-proliferation conditions.

With a view to strengthening implementation of the third pillar of the Treaty, it would also be useful if the Conference were to :

-  call for continued efforts to promote nuclear safety worldwide and encourage the States Parties to implement the most pressing measures ;
-  encourage development and international cooperation on training by mobilizing all states with experience in the field of civil nuclear energy. Training needs are increasing rapidly and this represents a challenge to be tackled by the community of States Parties ;
-  urge the States Parties to increase security of radioactive sources to ensure that the fulfilment of needs in many fields (industry, health, etc.) does not jeopardize the security of States Parties.

4/ Middle East
As regards the Middle East, France shares the objective of holding the conference decided upon in 2010 to establish a zone free of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems as soon as possible. It expects the Review Conference to :

-  reaffirm strong support in principle for implementing the 1995 resolution which provides for the creation of such a zone ;
-  call on all states in the region to engage in more extensive dialogue and cooperate with the Facilitator and the co-conveners, in order to reach a mutual agreement on arrangements for the conference.

PrepCom 2014

The third Preparatory Committee (PrepCom) of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) was held in New York on 28 April-9 May 2014 and chaired by the Peruvian Ambassador, Enrique Roman-Morey.

France welcomes the fact that that Preparatory Committee, the last meeting before the 2015 Review Conference, made it possible to adopt the agenda of the 2015 Review Conference and carry out more in-depth discussions on all three pillars of the Treaty (disarmament, nuclear non-proliferation and peaceful uses of nuclear energy), as well as issues linked to the implementation of the Treaty (Middle East zone free of WMDs and withdrawal from the Treaty in particular).

During that PrepCom, France distributed its national report prepared in response to actions 5, 20 and 21 of the action plan adopted by the NPT Review Conference in 2010, as well as an updated version of the document detailing the steps taken by France to implement the IAEA action plan on nuclear safety.

Moreover, alongside the Preparatory Committee, France signed the protocol to the Treaty creating a nuclear weapon free zone in Central Asia, along with the four other nuclear-weapon States.

The submission of the national report and that signing were two major gestures that demonstrated the commitment of the nuclear-weapon States to the implementation of the 2010 action plan, and their determination to continue the efforts and progress that had already been made.

France hopes that the constructive atmosphere that reigned during the 3rd PrepCom will continue during the 2015 Review Conference and is prepared, as far as it is concerned, to commit to the success of the Conference.

PrepCom 2013

The second Preparatory Committee of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) was held in Geneva on 22 April-3 May 2013 and chaired by the Romanian Ambassador, Cornel Feruta.

In a context marked by a worrying aggravation of regional crises in both Iran and North Korea, the NPT today remains the keystone of the international non-proliferation regime and one of the foundations of the collective security system. Consolidating the regime is one of France’s priorities.

France therefore welcomes the fact that the 2013 Preparatory Committee enabled the continuation of in-depth, balanced discussions on all three pillars of the Treaty (disarmament, nuclear non-proliferation, and promotion of civil uses of nuclear energy), implementing the roadmap of the action plan adopted by consensus in 2010. Indeed, only that balanced, realistic approach, calling upon countries to carry out concrete, gradual actions, will make it possible to move forward to create the conditions of a world free of nuclear weapons, in accordance with the goals of the NPT.

France is also pleased to note the important themes such as compliance with international non-proliferation obligations and the consequences of abusive exercise of the right of withdrawal from the Treaty, which it considered to be accounted for insufficiently during the previous cycle, were tackled by the States Parties.

Concerning the Middle East, the Preparatory Committee recalled the major expectations tied to the implementation of the 1995 resolution and achieving the goal of a zone free of weapons of mass destruction in the region. That ambitious goal requires patience, perseverance and an inclusive approach. That is why the efforts of all the States Parties to the NPT need to continue converging constructively towards that common goal. France is particularly keen to reaffirm its commitment, in support of Mr Laajava and the three depositary States, to creating the conditions required to hold the conference on the establishment of such a zone, initially scheduled for 2012, as soon as possible, with all stakeholders.

PrepCom 2012

Following the success of the 2010 NPT Review Conference, which achieved for the first time the adoption by consensus of a concrete, balanced action plan on the three pillars of the Treaty (disarmament, nuclear non-proliferation and peaceful uses of nuclear energy), as well as on the issue of the Middle East, the new Review Cycle began in Vienna, with the first session of the Preparatory Committee on 30 April-11 May 2012, chaired by Ambassador Peter Woolcott of Australia.

France welcomes the constructive atmosphere in which the debates took place, which notably enabled quick adoption of the rules of procedure by consensus. The Preparatory Committee confirmed the central role of the NPT as now one of the foundations of our collective security system and an irreplaceable aspect of maintaining international peace and security. The PrepCom reaffirmed the importance of implementing both individually and collectively the concrete, balanced action plan adopted by consensus in 2010, which is a genuine roadmap for the whole cycle.

The Preparatory Committee saw substantial, balanced exchanges on the three pillars of the Treaty (disarmament, nuclear non-proliferation, promotion of civil uses of nuclear energy), including on essential themes that were insufficiently reflected in the 2010 final document, such as compliance with international non-proliferation obligations and withdrawal from the Treaty.

Concerning the Middle East, it confirmed the essential nature of implementing the 1995 resolution and supported the process to prepare the Conference on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction, presented in detail by its facilitator, Mr Laajava.

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Related documents

2015 NPT RevCon

Prepcom 2014

Prepcom 2013

Prepcom 2012